ADSM vaccine is required for use by both adults and children. But there are certain nuances that are very important to know.
During the registration of the child in kindergarten, the school’s camp, doctors check the presence of each mandatory vaccination. Even with an adult, vaccinations are checked during employment at any catering establishment, clinic, and so on. ADSM vaccination is considered very important. It is done to humans in childhood and throughout life.
ADSM vaccine: transcript
Among the combined vaccines and monovaccines, new ones are constantly emerging that are more effective. This includes the ADSM vaccine. It is decrypted as follows:
- "A" is adsorbed.
- "D" - diphtheria.
- "C" is tetanus.
- "M" is a small dose.
The vaccine complements the DTP that was used previously. In combination, there is simply no component that helps overcome pertussis.
The medicine was developed for revaccination - this is the re-introduction of the vaccine so that the body can withstand dangerous diseases, the duration of exposure to the DTP made in childhood lasted.
The main goal of vaccination is to protect the body from pathogens of dangerous diseases. The preparation contains 2 toxins that are neutralized with formalin:
- Tetanus toxin.
- Diphtheria toxin.
After inactivation, these substances become safe (weak). But they tend to leave their own immunogenic qualities. That is why they are called “toxoids”. The abbreviation of the drug is identical for each age.
As mentioned above, "M" is a small amount of the main substances in the preparation. This is confirmed by the composition of the initial dosage (the amount is indicated per 1 ml of one vaccine).
- Diphtheria - 5 units.
- Tetanus - 5 units.
The ADSM vaccine works as follows:
- The medicine enters the body.
- The main components make the immune system to respond to these substances, to produce new antibodies.
- The formed protein compounds fix the characteristics of microbes. In the future they will be more active in finding them to destroy.
The drug ADSM produces in 2 forms:
- In disposable syringes. They contain one dosage of medication.
- In ampoules. They contain several dosages.
ADSM vaccination for children: transcript, calendar
- As a rule, children who are not yet 6 years old are DTP vaccination. But sometimes the child’s body does not want tolerate this vaccinationafter which there are some side effects. In this case, if the development of the child takes place without any deviations, they are vaccinated with ADSM.
- After that, when the baby turns 1 year 6 months old, he will be given repeated additional vaccination - a booster dose. It is able to consolidate the effect, after which the immune system becomes immune to infections.
- The following vaccinations have their name - revaccination. After all, the immune system against dangerous diseases has already been formed after the first 4 vaccines in infancy. In the future, in order to maintain the effect of vaccinations and activate them, it is necessary to introduce one dose of the medicine.
- The need to make ADSM for children over 6 years old can be easily explained - with a subsequent dosage of the vaccine, the reaction of the young body increases. Consequently, after several vaccinations with DTP, ADMS must be administered, but with a lower dosage.
ADSM vaccination for children under 7 years old
- Vaccination can be carried out for children aged 6 to 7 years, since during this period it is necessary to start the immune system, thereby enhancing the protective functions of the body.
- This is because many children gather in schools, and therefore the risk of infection increases significantly.
- In such cases, doctors use the tactics of additional vaccination ADSM primary school students.
ADSM vaccine for teens 14 years old
- This vaccine is coming 3rd on the list. But the age of its holding is not considered so strict. Vaccination can be done at the age of 14 years and ending with 16 years. The vaccination is planned, thanks to it immunity is launched, it begins to fight against dangerous diseases (tetanus, diphtheria). But over time, the immune system decreases, and after 10 years it goes to naught.
- The ADSM vaccine is very important precisely in adolescence, since the reproductive system begins to develop actively in children during this period, after which the protective functions of the body decrease.
- In addition, if the vaccine was introduced at age 16, then at this age, adolescents often graduate from school. They go to other educational institutions, go to the army, get a job. And as we know, after a team change, human immunity may decrease, which leads to the risk of tetanus or diphtheria. This can happen until the body adapts.
|Vaccination / Revaccination||Age|
|1st vaccination||At 3 months|
|2nd vaccination||At 4.5 months|
|3rd vaccination||At 6 months|
|1st revaccination (R1)||At 1 year 6 months|
|2nd revaccination (R2)||6 to 7 years old|
|3rd revaccination (R3)||From 14 to 16 years old|
Next, the next vaccine is given every 10 years.
ADSM vaccine: the difference between R2 and R3
Vaccine R2 - This is a booster shot, which goes at number 2. It means that the vaccine is administered a second time. In this case, R2 means re-scheduled revaccination.
- Revaccinations are needed so that the previously obtained immunity works more actively, prolongs the protective functions of the body for a certain period. Vaccination, as indicated in the table, is administered to the child when he is 6 years old.
- There is no pertussis in the vaccine, since for children 4 years of age and older this infection is completely harmless.
- Graft R2 ADSM - An ordinary vaccine that allows the body to develop immunity against tetanus, diphtheria.
- The vaccine R3 stands for almost the same as R2 - this is a booster shot, but only it comes at number 3.
- R3 - This is the next revaccination against dangerous infections, 3rd routine vaccination. It is done by adolescents, whose age is from 14 years to 16 years.
R2 ADSM and R3 ADSM differ only in the age of the child in whom the vaccinations are given.
ADSM vaccine for adults
The child is vaccinated for the last time when he is 14 years old. The effectiveness of the injection lasts for 10 years. When this period passes, the person must re-pass ADDS revaccinationso that his immune system can overcome tetanus, diphtheria at the right level.
As indicated in the rules of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, adults should do the following vaccinations at this age:
- Starting from 24 years old and ending with 26 years.
- Starting from 34 years old and ending with 36 years.
- From 44 years old to 46 years old.
- Starting from 54 years old and ending with 56 years and so on.
The final border of human age, when vaccination is not required, is not. Since anyone can get diphtheria and tetanus, and age does not matter - it can be a small child, a schoolboy, a student, and even an elderly man or woman.
- Adults must be vaccinated with ADSM, as diphtheria as well as tetanus - These are dangerous diseases, sometimes leading to death.
- Thanks to vaccination, the immune system begins to work, producing antibodies that can overcome infectious diseases. Antibodies within the body usually persist for approximately 10 years. But over time, they begin to collapse.
- If a person does not have time to be vaccinated within this period, the number of antibodies will decrease, as a result of which his protection against diseases will decrease.
- In case a person used to do ADSM vaccination, but didn’t do it again at the right time, he can get sick, but it’s easier to transfer the disease than a patient who never received an ADSM vaccine.
Some people never get an ADSM vaccine at all. If necessary, they undergo a vaccination course, which includes 3 mandatory vaccinations.For adults
The scheme is as follows:
- First, the first dose of the vaccine is administered.
- After 1 month, he is given another dose of the drug.
- After 6 months, another vaccine is administered.
After last vaccine ADSM the immune system begins to form, and therefore the subsequent vaccination can already be done after 10 years. The following vaccines are administered as a single dosage of the drug, the amount of which is 1 2 ml.
- If a person has not been vaccinated on time, after the last injection of the vaccine 10 to 20 years have passed, then he needs one dosage of ADSM. It is enough to activate the immune system.
- In the event that after vaccination more than 20 years have passed, the patient is given 2 doses of the vaccine. They are not administered immediately, with an interval of 30 days. After a double dosage, immunity begins to work actively against diseases.
ADSM - vaccination for pregnant women: is it possible to do?
- On the territory of the Russian Federation pregnant women are contraindicated in vaccination with ADSM. If the girl wants to get pregnant, the time has come when she needs to be given the vaccine again, she needs to be done.
- But at the same time, the girl should try to protect herself from premature pregnancy for 30 days. When this period passes, the woman can plan the conception of the baby. She will not be afraid of the possible side effects that vaccination can cause.
- Many women have a situation where the time of the next vaccination coincided with pregnancy. In this case, you need to wait until the baby is born, look at your own well-being, consult a doctor, and only after that get ADSM vaccination. Subsequent vaccination should be carried out after 10 years.
- It also happens that the time of the next ADSM vaccination falls at a time when the woman is already in position. In this situation, do not worry. It is imperative to tell your gynecologist about the fact.
ADSM vaccine - where do adults and children do?
During ADSM vaccinations an adsorbed drug is used. This means that the medicine enters the bloodstream little by little. It slowly provokes an immune response, so that the body becomes immune to diseases. That is why the vaccine is administered only intramuscularly.
In order for the ADSM vaccine to be administered correctly, you need to select the following areas of the body:
- Shoulder. This should be the outer part of this area of the body.
- Hip. If the child is vaccinated, this is a prerequisite. This is because the child’s muscles are not yet well developed, and muscles develop faster in this part of the body, muscle tissue is close to the upper layer of the epidermis.
Many people often ask - is it possible to wet the place where the vaccine was given? Of course. Water and the procedures that are associated with it generally do not negatively affect a person’s well-being and local reactions. But it is important to wait a few days and use only water at home, without swimming in ponds.
ADSM: what to do before vaccination?
- Before vaccinating ADSM it is advisable to donate blood for a general analysis, urine. A doctor’s examination is also prescribed, during which the body temperature is measured, the patient’s condition is assessed, can he be vaccinated or not.
- A couple of days before ADSM vaccination no need to visit places where many people gather. It is also advisable to refuse a trip to visit. So you can avoid the risk of a pathogen entering the body.
- Do not use unfamiliar foods, so that an additional burden is not imposed on the body and immunity. Many doctors advise on the eve of vaccination (1-2 days) to start taking an antihistamine. This will significantly reduce the risk of allergies and side effects.
- After vaccination, do not leave the clinic immediately. It is better to linger for another half hour, so that the doctor observes the general condition of the human body, how he will respond to the medicine, whether allergic manifestations.
ADSM vaccine: side effects, complications
Complications and side effects after vaccination with ADSM in humans can occur for the following reasons:
- The vaccine is administered to a patient who has not previously undergone a medical examination.
- Due to identified contraindications.
- Due to the fact that the patient violated the doctor’s prescriptions.
After the vaccination done, such complications and side effects may occur:
- Body temperature rises to 39 ° C. If it is high enough, you can drink an antipyretic medicine (a drug based on paracetamol, Ibuprofen).
- Headache appears. This symptom can be eliminated by drinking anesthetic medicine.
- If the child is vaccinated, he may be capricious, becoming lethargic and drowsy.
- Going on digestive system disorder. If a person has loose stools, which is very frequent, you need to normalize it with Smecta.
- The injection zone turns red, hurts, swells. Such symptoms can be eliminated using painkillers, antihistamines.
Note that these signs are only a reaction to the administration of the drug. They are mild, moderate or severe. Signs disappear after a few days.
When symptoms do not go away after 5 days or appear 3 days after vaccination, you need to consult a doctor.
Very rarely, such complications appear in the form of:
- Severe allergies, for example, angioedema.
- Anaphylactic shock.
Also, a person can get sick:
- Various neuralgic diseases.
Complications arise immediately when a medicine is administered. They are immediately stopped by a doctor. Many reactions develop quickly, therefore, it is better to remain under the supervision of a doctor immediately after administration of the drug.
ADSM vaccination is contraindicated in people in such cases:
- During an infectious disease, when it has complications.
- If a person has weak immunity after an illness.
- Adverse reactions to certain substances of the drug were previously detected.
- After the operation, which was carried out 1 month before vaccination.
- Due to insufficient body weight after birth and the consequences of this condition.
- If the patient is concerned about diseases of the heart, blood vessels, liver, stomach, intestines, kidneys.
- During a neurological illness.
It is forbidden to vaccinate yourself at home, even having carefully studied the instructions for the drug.