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Dry mouth: causes. What diseases cause dry mouth? Which doctor will diagnose dry mouth?

Dry mouth is familiar to many. Usually it is not considered a separate disease, but serves as a signal of serious disorders and a symptom of the onset of many diseases, including with extremely serious consequences.

Causes of dry mouth without thirst

In the medical language, dry mouth is called "xerostomia" and is expressed in the following:

  • Thirst overcomes you
  • Tongue and mucous in mouth appear swollen and clammy
  • You have difficulty swallowing
  • A burning sensation in the nasopharynx may be felt.
  • Severe hoarseness or lack of voice

Why does a sharp dry mouth occur?

Xerostomia may be sporadic. In this case, it is more likely not associated with chronic diseases, but is a temporary or single disorder of salivation. Also, dry mouth is often observed in the presence of bad habits and disturbances in sleep and nutrition. For example:

  • Excessive consumption of salty, sour, fatty foods, caffeine and strong tea
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Smoking
  • Improper breathing (at night during snoring or nasal congestion)
  • Side effects when taking certain medications
  • High temperature for colds
  • Bouts of intense excitement
  • Hormonal bursts in menopause and during pregnancy

If dry mouth is permanent and accompanied by other disorders, you should take it more seriously. Separate ailments are of an age-related nature and appear only in adulthood; some of the diseases that cause dry mouth can also occur in children.

Chest pain and dry mouth

  • Chest pain and dry mouth indicate heart problems, hypertension, stroke, ischemic disorders.

Pressure and dry mouth

  • Most drugs prescribed for treatment hypertension (high blood pressure) as a side effect cause dry mouth

Lack of air and dry mouth

  • At diseases of the cardiovascular lack of air, shortness of breath, weakness in the limbs, and dizziness

Dry mouth and tongue plaque

  • Dry mouth combined with plaque in the tongue, heartburn, nausea speak of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

Tinnitus and dry mouth

  • Dry mouth and dizziness, tinnitus, pallor, weakness are sure signs anemia and vitamin deficiency (lack of iron and vitamins in the body)

Headache and dry mouth

  • With hypotension (low blood pressure), in addition to dry mouth, weakness, dizziness, severe headaches and constant drowsiness are also observed.

Runny and dry mouth

  • With rhinitis (runny nose) of various etiologies, inflammation of the nasopharynx occurs, which in turn leads to dry mouth. It usually goes along with the underlying disease.

Bitterness and dry mouth

  • Xerostomia with a taste of bitterness signals about gallbladder disease

Lack of appetite and dry mouth

  • In severe nervous disorders (bulimia, anorexia, depression) dry mouth is usually accompanied by a lack of interest in food and loss of appetite

Stomach pain and dry mouth

  • Dryness plus abdominal pain are signs gastritis or ulcers the stomach

Dry mouth and lump in throat

  • In acute thyroiditis (thyroid inflammation) there is a dry mouth, a lump in the throat, difficulty swallowing

Bloating and dry mouth with pancreatitis

  • Dry mouth accompanied by bloating, upset stool is a sign pancreatitis

Constipation and dry mouth

  • At thyroid disorders, which affects the functioning of the digestive system, various stool disorders can be observed. For example, with hypothyroidism, dry mouth is present in combination with frequent constipation

Dry mouth with diabetes

  • If dry mouth is accompanied by frequent urination, sudden changes in body weight, extreme thirst in the morning, sleep disturbances, constipation, you may have diabetes

Frequent urination and dry mouth

  • In chronic kidney disease inflammatory processes significantly disrupt the body's water balance, which leads to constant dry mouth

Dry mouth and nausea

  • If irritability, sweating, loss of appetite, trembling limbs, and bouts of fear are added to nausea, you should be examined endocrine system

Dry mouth and menopause

  • On the offensive menopause women begin to dry out all the mucous membranes of the body, so dryness will be felt not only in the mouth, but also in the eyes, throat, and vagina. Other characteristic symptoms will also be present: hot flashes, chills, increased anxiety

Dry mouth after alcohol

  • Pronounced poisoning of the body is hangover syndromein which the body, in particular the liver, is trying hard to cope with excess ethyl alcohol and its decay products

Itching and dry mouth

  • With a deficiency of vitamin A in the body, dry mouth is accompanied by itching, dryness and peeling of the skin, dull color and brittle hair and nails, and inflammation of the eyes. Long vitamin A deficiency can lead to severe disorders of epithelial tissues with irreversible effects

Red tongue and dry mouth

  • At candidiasis (fungal lesions of the oral cavity), along with dry mouth, a light coating on the tongue, burning and itching on the mucous membrane of the mouth and the surface of the tongue will be observed. Some forms of candidiasis in the absence of plaque stain the oral cavity and tongue in a bright red color. Candidiasis can be an independent disease, or develop against the background of other diseases due to a decrease in immunity

Dry mouth after eating

  • With functional disorders of the salivary glands dry mouth is observed directly with food. This can be triggered by various types of tumors, neurology, mechanical damage during surgery.

Heartburn and dry mouth

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, or GERD, which causes a reflux of gastric juice into the esophagus, as the main symptoms, gives heartburn and dry mouth.

Dry mouth and SARS

  • At airway inflammation, viral infections, dry mouth is usually accompanied by difficulty swallowing, a slight cough, a feeling of heaviness and burning in the larynx

Temperature and dry mouth

  • With bacterial infections (tonsillitis, pneumonia, whooping cough) dry mouth may be a consequence of the high temperature characteristic of these diseases

Dry mouth in the morning

  • The feeling of dry mouth in the morning, which goes away by itself, indicates that during sleep the breathing pattern was disturbed (snoring, breathing through the mouth with stuffy nose) or indoor humidity (too dry air)

Dry mouth after poisoning

  • One of the initial signs poisoning of any kind dry mouth combined with profuse sweating, cramps, a sharp change in complexion. In the future, stool, vomiting and stomach cramps may appear. Any type of poisoning requires immediate medical attention.

Diarrhea and dry mouth

  • At roto viral infectionsaccompanied by profuse diarrhea and vomiting, severe dehydration occurs, and as a result - dry mouth. Prolonged dehydration can cause dysbiosis and irritable bowel syndrome

Dry mouth when smoking

  • When smoking dry mouth can be caused by functional disorders of the respiratory system and chronic inflammation of the mucosa, since tobacco tar has a devastating effect on the respiratory system and oral cavity

Dry mouth in the elderly

  • Increased dry mouth can indicate serious autoimmune disorders in the body: systemic scleroderma, Sjögren’s disease, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer's. With such diseases, a sequential lesion of various organs and systems occurs. Autoimmune diseases can occur at any age
  • The list of ailments that accompany dry mouth can be continued for a long time. It’s important to distinguish between regular thirst and symptoms of a serious chronic illness.
  • With a timely visit to the doctor, you will immediately solve two problems: firstly, stop the development of the underlying disease, and secondly, prevent diseases of the oral cavity caused by excessive dry mouth (gum inflammation, oral ulcers, etc.)

Dry mouth in a child

Dry mouth in a child is most often caused by mouth breathing. If the baby suffers from adenoids, sinusitis, disorders of the nasal septum, he can not breathe through his nose. In this case, the oral cavity dries quickly and there is a lack of saliva. The first symptom of dry mouth in a child is the appearance of a smell.

Why dries in the mouth during pregnancy

  • During pregnancy, the usual biological processes in the mother’s body undergo changes, and as a result lead to various health problems
  • Dry mouth in the early stages may be due to toxicosis, which through various eating disorders causes dehydration
  • If pregnancy has significantly affected the change in taste, dry mouth can be caused by excessive consumption of salty or spicy foods. In this case, it is necessary to bring the water-salt balance back to normal and monitor your diet
  • At later dates, dry mouth may be due to a lack of vitamins and minerals, especially when other symptoms are present: redness of the skin, extraneous aftertaste in the mouth, burning and itching on the skin. A detailed blood test will help you pinpoint the problem.
  • It is also extremely important in the last trimester to observe the correct drinking regimen, since at this time the fetus reaches its maximum size, compressing the internal organs and changing the usual metabolic processes

What to do with a constant feeling of dry mouth?

To get rid of dry mouth, it is first necessary to eliminate its causes, that is, change your habits, balance your diet and medication, consult a doctor for a complete diagnosis.

  • Avoid harmful addictions: smoking and frequent drinking. Avoid overeating, limit yourself to eating fatty, spicy and salty foods. Drink at least 1.5 liters of clean drinking water per day
  • Monitor the condition of the air in the room, ventilate it more often and do wet cleaning, eliminate possible sources of allergies and strong odors.
  • If you are taking medications, talk with your doctor about the dosage or ask for a replacement.

Which doctor should I contact for dry mouth

If dry mouth is accompanied by the symptoms described in the article, make an appointment with the appropriate specialist:

Immunologistallergies and immune system disorders
Otolaryngologistdiseases of the ear, nose and throat
Gastroenterologistdigestive system
Dermatologistdiseases of the skin and mucous membrane
Gynecologistgenitals and urogenital system in women
Urologistgenitourinary system
Cardiologistheart and vascular diseases
Dentistoral diseases
Neurologistpathology of the nervous system
Endocrinologistthyroid gland metabolism

If you find it difficult to choose a specialist, consult a therapist who will give you the appropriate direction after the initial diagnosis.

Dry mouth medications

If you are sure that dry mouth is not associated with serious illnesses, you can try to eliminate it yourself.

  • Medicines that stimulate salivation or replace saliva: Bioxtra, Oralbalance, Bromelaine, ACC, Biotene
  • Some manufacturers produce for patients with xerostomia, special lines of oral care products, for example Lacalut
  • Dry mouth causes increased reproduction of bacteria and microorganisms in the oral cavity, therefore, with daily hygiene it is important to take care of proper brushing of the teeth and surface of the tongue, as well as the use of drugs that prevent fungal infections and caries, for example fluoride-containing agents

Dry mouth treatment with folk remedies

  • Hot red pepper, sugar-free candies, sugar-free chewing gum contribute to saliva
  • Lemon, papaya, and grapefruit juice cause increased salivation
  • Rinses of tinctures of antiseptic herbs are good: echinacea, chamomile, sage, calendula
  • Do not use mouthwashes containing alcohol. You can use this folk recipe: half a teaspoon of salt and soda in a glass of warm water

Video. Why dry mouth while sleeping

Watch the video: Chronic dry mouth cured with one simple surgery at Loyola (April 2020).